2009-11-24

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women


Fact Sheet - Violence against Women Worldwide 

Violence against women and girls is a problem of pandemic proportions. Based on country data available, up to 70 percent of women experience physical or sexual violence from men in their lifetime — the majority from husbands, intimate partners or someone they know. Among women aged 15–44, acts of violence cause more death and disability than cancer, malaria, traffic accidents and war combined.2Perhaps the most pervasive human rights violation that we know today, violence against women devastates lives, fractures communities, and stalls development. It takes many forms and occurs in many places — domestic violence in the home, sexual abuse of girls in schools, sexual harassment at work, rape by husbands or strangers, in refugee camps or as a tactic of war. Femicide – the murder of women because they are women


• In the United States, one-third of women murdered each year are killed by intimate partners.
• In South Africa, a woman is killed every 6 hours by an intimate partner.
• In India, 22 women were killed each day in dowry-related murders in 2007.
• In Guatemala, two women are murdered, on average, each day.

Trafficking
• Women and girls constitute 80 percent of the estimated 800,000 people trafficked annually, with the majority (79 percent) trafficked for sexual exploitation.

Harmful practices
• Approximately 100 to 140 million girls and women in the world have experienced female genital mutilation/cutting, with more than 3 million girls in Africa annually at risk of the practice.
• More than 60 million girls worldwide are child brides, married before the age of 18, primarily in South Asia (31.1 million) and sub-Saharan Africa (14.1 million).


Sexual Violence Against Women and Girls
• An estimated 150 million girls under 18 suffered some form of sexual violence in 2002 alone.
• As many as 1 in 4 women experience physical and/or sexual violence during pregnancy, which increases the likelihood of having a miscarriage, stillbirth and abortion. Up to 53 percent of women physically abused by their intimate partners are being kicked or punched in the abdomen.
• In São Paulo, Brazil, a woman is assaulted every 15 seconds.
• In Ecuador, adolescent girls reporting sexual violence in school identified teachers as the perpetrators in 37 percent of cases.

Rape as a Method of Warfare
• Approximately 250,000 to 500,000 women and girls were raped in the 1994 Rwandan genocide.
• In eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, at least 200,000 cases of sexual violence, mostly involving women and girls, have been documented since 1996, though the actual numbers are considered to be much higher.

Sexual Harassment
• Between 40 and 50 percent of women in European Union countries experience unwanted sexual advancements, physical contact or other forms of sexual harassment at their workplace.
• In the United States, 83 percent of girls aged 12–16 experienced some form of sexual harassment in public schools.

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Refrence:
Information: UNIFEM: United Nations Development Fund of Women
Poster: Designed by Ramy Raoofm EBfHR Editor

2009-11-18

مصر: توقيف قرآني بمطار القاهرة علي خلفية كتاباته علي الانترنت



قامت سلطات الأمن اليوم، 18 نوفمبر 2009، بتوقيف الكاتب القرآني عبد اللطيف السيد ومنعه من السفر. وكان قد تم منع عبد اللطيف من السفر في وقت سابق من هذا العام في شهر إبريل.
جدير بالذكر أنه في عام 2007، تم اعتقال عبد اللطيف 5 شهور علي خليفة معتقده الديني وكتاباته علي الانترنت في منتديات ومواقع مختلفة تتناول آراء القرآنيين
تحديث - ترحيل عبد اللطيف السيد إلى مقر مباحث أمن الدولة بشبرا الخيمة ظهر اليوم وتقدم المبادرة المصرية للحقوق الشخصية ،منظمة حقوق إنسان مصرية، بطلب للنائب العام للتحقيق في القبض على أحد (القرآنيين) بمطار القاهرة
تحديث -  إطلاق سراح عبد اللطيف سعيد  اليوم الأربعاء 25 نوفمبر 2009 بعد احتجازه لمدة أسبوع بمقر مباحث أمن الدولة بشبرا الخيمة. وقد ذكر المحتجز لباحثي المبادرة المصرية للحقوق الشخصية أنه لم يتعرض للتعذيب أو إساءة المعاملة أثناء فترة احتجازه.

*الصورة: عبد اللطيف السيد
  Egypt: Quranist Writer Detained at Cairo Airport

Today, 18 November 2009, Police Officers stopped the quranist writer Abdel-Latif Saied from traveling. He was also stopped earlier this year . It should be mentioned that Abdel-Latif was jailed for 5 months in 2007, for his belief and writings on several forums and websites about Quranists.
* Picture: Abdel-Latif Saied

2009-11-08

Threatened Voices: Egypt ranks 2nd in Threatening Netizens


Threatened Voices, a project of Global Voices Advocacy to map instances where bloggers and online writers have been threatened, arrested, killed, or disappeared by authorities since 2000 until today.
So far, Threatened Voices monitored 28 cases in Egypt where bloggers and online writers arrested have been threatened, the 28 cases makes Egypt the 2nd among Top 10 Countries in threatening netizens.  The 1st in the Top countries is China (33 bloggers), after Egypt comes Iran (23 bloggers), Tunisia (18 bloggers), Syria (14 bloggers), Vietnam (9 bloggers), Azerbaijan (3 bloggers), Bahrain (3 bloggers), Cuba (3 bloggers) and  Morocco (3 bloggers).

It should be mentioned that a report issued by Committee to Protect Journalists on December 08, found that 45% of all media workers jailed worldwide are bloggers, Web-based reporters, or online editors.

2009-11-03

Egpyt: How is Gamal Mubarak doing Online?

Sharek,which means participate in Arabic, is the name of an online initiative launched by Mr. Gamal Mubarak, son of current President Hosni Mubarak and the General Secretary of the Policy Committee of the National Democratic Party (NDP). The new forum is targeting Egyptian youth, by answering their questions and engaging in a dialog with them through a series of online forums, receiving questions (mailed/videoed). So far, he executed two forums in August & October 09, this paper is an attempt to evaluate Gamal Mubarak, not politically, based on his online moves and utilizing social media tools within his political interests. Below are 9 Questions about Gamal Mubarak’s Online Initiative.

1. What online media tools did Gamal use?
o Facebook:
  - Fan page, gathered 9269 supporters.
  - Social Ad for Sharek

o Flickr:
  - Created an account in August 2009.

o DeviantArt:
  - Social Ad for Sharek

o MSN:
  - Social Ad for Sharek on the messenger.

2. How many minutes did Gamal speak in the two forums?
o 1st Forum: approx. 1 hour, 15 min (Out of 2hrs). And the rest for the Audience.

o 2nd Forum: approx. 48 min. (Out of 2 hrs). And the rest for the Audience.

3. How many pictures are taken for Gamal, comparing to the Audience? Where are they?
o 1st Forum: 10 pictures for Gamal, 12 pictures for Gamal & the Audience, 1 for the Audience.

o 2nd Forum: 4 pictures for Gamal, 11 pictures for Gamal & the Audience, 5 for the Audience.

The pictures are uploaded on Sharek’s website, Facebook Fan page and the Flickr account:
o 1st Forum: Facebook (uploaded 4 days later), Flickr (uploaded 6 days later, 2450 views).
o 2nd Forum: Facebook (uploaded same day), Flickr (uploaded 1 days later, 1428 views).

4. How was the broadcast?
o 1st Forum: weak broadcast, big gap between the real-time and broadcasted
o 2nd Forum: better broadcast, less gap.

5. Target volume?
Based on a report issued by the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology in July 2009, there are 13 million Egyptian internet user. Knowing that number of questions Sharek website received is only 700 question. I think getting only 700 questions from 13 million internet user shouldn’t be considered a success.


6. Is there any visual tools and attractions?
o 1st Forum: no any kind of attractions. Only a banner for the National Democratic Party.
o 2nd Forum: distributed book-notes with Sharek’s logo, the speakers on the panel had cups with the logo too, and the NDP banner was replaced by a banner having Sharek logo.

7. Is everything archived?
o 1st Forum: only 1 hr, 26 min is archived out of more than 2 hrs.
o 2nd Forum: only 1 hr, 77 min is archived out of more than 2 hrs.
Are they censoring what to be archived?


8. Was Gamal on time?
o 1st Forum: Yes.
o 2nd Forum: No, 30 minutes delay!!.

9. Video Questions?
o 1st Forum: the aired questions sent in a video format, were removed from the archive.
o 2nd Forum: they didn’t air any video question.

Probably because the videos aired in the 1st forum were not credible, and doubtful.


*Numbers mentioned are valid until the published date of the post. For more information about the mentioned numbers please contact me.